Publications by Year: 2011

2011
Altman M. Heuristics. The Encyclopedia of Political Science [Internet]. 2011:723. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Heuristics (or heuristic algorithms) are problem-solving procedures that, while may yield acceptable results in practice, provide no guarantees of yielding "good" solutions in theory.
Altman M. Computational Modeling. In Kurian GT The Encyclopedia of Political Science CQ Press; 2011. pp. 291–292. Publisher's VersionAbstract
In political economy, computational models are used to simulate the behavior of institutions or individuals. Researchers use these models to explore emergent patterns in the behavior of individuals and institutions over time. Computational models are used as a complement to mathematical models -and as a form of independent theory construction in their own right.
Altman M, Jackman S. Nineteen Ways of Looking at Statistical Software. Journal Of Statistical Software [Internet]. 2011;42:1–12. Publisher's VersionAbstract
In this paper we reflect on on the crucial contributions that innovations in statistical software have made to political methodology, and we identify principles for writing statistical software with maximum benefit to the scholarly community.
Altman M. Data-PASS. In Walters T, Skinner K New Roles for New Times: Digital Curation for Preservation Association of Research Libraries; 2011. pp. 51–53. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The Data Preservation Alliance for the Social Sciences (Data-PASS) (http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/ DATAPASS/) is a broad-based voluntary partnership of data archives dedicated to acquiring, cataloging, and preserving social science data, and to developing and advocating best practices in digital preservation. Collectively, the founding partners have over 200 years of combined experience in social science data archiving.
Altman M, Crabtree J. Using the SafeArchive System : TRAC-Based Auditing of LOCKSS, in Archiving 2011. Society for Imaging Science and Technology; 2011:165–170. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The goals of SafeArchive are to make distributed replication easier, and to automate compliance with formal replication and storage policies. In this article, we describe the process of automated archival policy auditing in detail. First, we provide an overview of the SafeArchive system and we describe how a curator can use the tools to generate an archival policy schema and monitor it, simply. Second we identify specific TRAC criteria that can be verified automatically, and additional criteria that can be supported through integrated documentation. Third, we discuss the technical implementation of the system including the policy schema; how information used in the auditing process is obtained from a set of LOCKSS peers without modifying the LOCKSS trust model or configuration; and how the software is organized into components. Link to issue.
Christian T-mai, Crabtree J, McGovern N, Altman M. Overview of SafeArchive : An Open-Source System for Automatic Policy-Based Collaborative Archival Replication, in iPres.Vol 02. Singapore; 2011. Publisher's VersionAbstract
We provide an overview of the SafeArchive system and describe how a curator can use the tools to generate an archival policy schema and monitor compliance. Poster
Altman M, Fox J, Jackman S. An Introduction to the Special Volume on Political Methodology. Journal Of Statistical Software [Internet]. 2011;42:1–5. Publisher's VersionAbstract
This special volume of the Journal of Statistical Software on political methodology includes 14 papers, with wide-ranging software contributions of political scientists to their own field, and more generally to statistical data analysis in the the social sciences and beyond. Special emphasis is given to software that is written in or can cooperate with the R system for statistical computing.
Altman M, Bachman E, Crabtree J, McGovern N, Sone A. SafeArchive – A System for Policy Based Archival Replication. [Internet]. 2011. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The SafeArchive system provides a TRAC based auditing and monitoring layer for LOCKSS and DVN.
Altman M, McDonald MP. The Dawn of Do-It-Yourself Redistricting?. Campaigns & Elections [Internet]. 2011:38–42. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Collaborative mapping has the potential to fundamentally change redistricting. A state’s redistricting authority—be it the legislature or a commission—can solicit public input to draw lines that are in communities’ stated interests. And, if a member of the public creates a redistricting plan that exceeds a state redistricting authority’s plan in meeting the legal requirements, the media and the courts may take a jaundiced view of the state’s original plan.
Altman M, McDonald M, Jennings A, Shephard K, Zwarg D. DistrictBuilder. [Internet]. 2011. Publisher's Version
Novak K, Altman M, Broch E, Carroll JM, Clemins PJ, Fournier D, Laevart C, Reamer A, Meyer EA, Plewes T. Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age. National Academies Press; 2011. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) of the National Science Foundation (NSF) communicates its science and engineering (S&E) information to data users in a very fluid environment that is undergoing modernization at a pace at which data producer dissemination practices, protocols, and technologies, on one hand, and user demands and capabilities, on the other, are changing faster than the agency has been able to accommodate.
communicatingscience.pdf
Altman M. Research Design. In Kurian GT The Encyclopedia of Political Science CQ Press; 2011. pp. 1473–1474. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Research design is the process of creating a scientific plan for answering research questions through sampling, measurement, and analysis. Research design is both a formal and creative process which involves comparing competing theories, enables one to make inferences, and yields discoveries about the world. The hallmark of social-scientific research design is a rigorous attention to inference, sampling, and measurement.
Altman M, McDonald MP. BARD: Better automated redistricting. Journal Of Statistical Software [Internet]. 2011;42:1–28. Publisher's VersionAbstract
BARD provides a set of open source tools to automatically create and analyze redistricting plans. These tools support both scientific analysis of existing redistricting plans, and citizen participation in creating new plans. Version .83 was first released to CRAN in 2007,
Altman M, Fox J, Jackman S, Zeileis A. An Introduction to the Special Volume on "Political Methodology". Journal of Statistical Software. 2011;42(1):1-5.Abstract
This special volume of the Journal of Statistical Software on political methodology includes 14 papers, with wide-ranging software contributions of political scientists to their own field, and more generally to statistical data analysis in the the social sciences and beyond. Special emphasis is given to software that is written in or can cooperate with the R system for statistical computing.