Statistical Packages are collections of software designed to aid in statistical analysis and data exploration. The vast majority of quantitative and statistical analysis relies upon statistical packages for their execution. An understanding of statistical packages is essential to correct and efficient application of many quantitative and statistical methods.
The use of software in social science research is extensive and wide-ranging. Software is used at every stage of the research process – from collecting, organizing, and analyzing information, to writing and disseminating results. The mathematically demanding nature of modern statistical analysis makes the use of relatively sophisticated statistical software a prerequisite for almost all of quantitative research. Moreover, the combination of increasingly powerful computers, ubiquitous computer networks, and the widespread availability of the software necessary to take advantage of both, have made practical on a hitherto unprecedented scale the application of many complex methods such as maximum likelihood estimation, agent-based modeling, analytic cartography, experimental economics.
Internet Voting has given rise to considerable controversy, underscored by the recent cancellation of this year’s trial of SERVE, which was to provide Internet Voting for 100,000 military personnel. Could Internet voting promote deliberative democracy? Would Internet voting increase voter participation and engagement? Would it increase the accuracy of the reported vote? Would it improve people's trust in the electoral process? Is current Internet technology capable of supporting secure voting? In Point, Click, and Vote, Alvarez and Hall argue that remote Internet Voting, in which voters are permitted to register and vote in elections via any Internet-connected computer, could solve many of the pressing problems with U.S. elections.
In Miller v. Johnson a five-member majority of the court declared that redistricting is presumptively unconstitutional when race has served as the predominant factor in the drawing of district lines. However, there remains significant uncertainty in how to apply this new standard and an apparent conflicts with the standards articulated in Shaw v. Reno and Vera v. Bush.